skip to Main Content
hmrc tax allowances cover pic

HMRC Personal Income Tax

Personal Income Tax Rates

The Income Tax Personal Allowance is an amount of money you are allowed to earn per year without paying tax. Tax is paid on any amount over this Personal Allowance.

Table showing UK Tax Allowance figures

Tax Allowance figures for the past 20 years

The Personal Tax Allowance has been gradually increasing over the past 20 years, meaning that those on low incomes pay less tax on their earnings.

Tax Allowance Figures 1996 - 2016

Personal Tax Allowances

The table below shows Personal Allowance figures since the 2014/15 tax year.

Allowances 2016/2017 2015/16 2014/15
Personal Allowance £11,000 £10,600 £10,000


The maximum amount you can earn to receive the full Personal Allowance is £100,000. For every £2 earned above this limit the Personal Allowance figure is decreased by £1.

Tax Rates and Bands

Tax is paid based on any income received above the Personal Allowance. The amount of tax is broken down into different bands with higher rates being charged for people with higher incomes.

Band Rate Income
Personal Allowance 0% £11,000 £10,600 £10,000
Basic rate 20% £11,000 – £43,000 £10,600 – £42,385 £10,000 – £41,865
Higher rate 40% £43,000 – £150,000 £42,385 – £150,000 £41,865 – £150,000
Additional rate 45% Over £150,000 Over £150,000  Over £150,000

Tax Calculation Example

A person earns £55,000 in the tax year 2016/17. The tax they pay is broken down into the following Tax Bands:

Tax Band Tax Rate Taxable Amount Tax Payable
Personal Allowance 0% £11,000 £0
Basic Rate 20% £32,000 £6,400
Higher Rate 40% £12,000 £4,800
Additional Rate 45% £0 £0
TOTAL £55,000 £11,200

Dividends Tax Rates and Bands

Dividends are payments made to shareholders of Limited Companies as a share of the company’s profit.

The amount of tax payable on dividend income depends on all other taxable income in a tax year, although the first £5,000 of dividend in a tax year is tax-free.

Dividends are treated as the top slice of income.

Band Rate Income
Dividend Allowance 0% £5,000
Basic rate 7.5% Up to £43,000
Higher rate 32.5% £43,000 – £150,000
Additional rate 38.1% Over £150,000

Dividend Tax Calculation Example

A person earns a salary of £8,000 and receives a dividend of £55,000 in the tax year 2016/17 (total of £63,000). The tax they pay is broken down into the following Tax Bands:

Tax Band Tax Rate Taxable Amount Tax Payable
Personal Allowance (£11,000) 0% £11,000 £0
Dividend Allowance (£5,000) 0% £5,000 £0
Basic Rate (Up to £43,000 inc Allowances) 7.5% £27,000 £2,025
Higher Rate (£43,000 – £150,000) 32.5% £20,000 £6,500
Additional Rate (Over £150,000) 38.1% £0 £0
TOTAL £63,000 £8,525

Personal Savings Allowance

From 6th April 2016, if you are a taxpayer at basic rate level you will be eligible to earn up to £1,000 in savings income tax-free. Whilst individuals are a taxpayer at a higher rate will be eligible to earn up to £500. This means that most people will not have to pay tax on savings interest and that banks will stop charging tax to your account interest.

The amount of your Personal Savings Allowance depends on your income.


Tax Rate Income Band Personal Savings Allowance
Under £17,000 You won’t pay tax on any savings income
Basic 20% Up to £43,000 Up to £1,000 in savings income is tax-free
Higher 40% £43,001 – £150,000 Up to £500 in savings income is tax-free
Additional 45% Over £150,000 No Personal Savings Allowance


To claim Personal Savings Allowance you do not need to do anything. For basic rate taxpayers, if you obtain savings income/interest that is over £1,000 (£500 for higher rate taxpayers), you’ll need to pay some tax on this. HMRC usually collect your tax by changing your tax code. Your bank will give the HMRC the information they need in order to do this.


Personal Savings Allowance Example

You earn £20,000 a year and get £1,500 in account interest

You won’t pay tax on your interest up to £1,000. But you’ll need to pay basic rate tax (20%) on the £500 interest over your Personal Savings Allowance.

Need help with Personal Tax Allowances?

We offer a full tax return service for individuals and business where we calculate your tax liability so you can make the appropriate payments to the HMRC. For further information on a range of important dates, take a look at our Tax Calendar.

Simply get in touch now by calling us on 01823 325610 or emailing us at

Back To Top